Friday, 18 September 2015

The Idea Of India.

By: Team PenTastic
 Written by:- Bijay Naik, I.T, 3rd Year
            For several time, as I sit alone, astonished by thinking of modern India, which has been existing as an independent sovereign nation for more than about six and a half decade. What is so special about India? What about the contemporary states? Why it has existed for such a long period despite several pessimistic arguments by various historical giants? These are only the tiny fraction of questions which arises in my mind several time. Well we will discuss all these aspects extensively one by one.

            It is for Winston Churchill; of course he is one of my heroes due to his spectacular leadership during the World War 2, who has once in 1930 categorically defied accepting India as a sovereign nation. Well India doesn’t fit into the definition of a nation defined by the so called sociologist who makes common language, race and religion as the integral criteria in constituting a nation. Well does our beloved India fit into any of these criteria specified? In fact it comprises of several religions, sects & regions. Further both culture and language in India changes in every 15 KM. Above all the constitution of India has itself provided for 22 languages as the schedule language with eighth schedule of the constitution, which can be used for official purposes, which makes India unique in her in terms of linguistic diversity. Had Winston Churchill ever dreamt of a single European nation, well there is a successfully running Indian story as a showpiece, which can be adopted round the globe as well.
A land of vast diversity:
            India as a nation today stand with her 1.25 billion citizens second largest in the globe is as diverse as a whole continent of Europe. Diversity can be traced in every sphere of the Indian life. 
            The Indian concept of diversity is multi-dimensional, covering the realm of economic, social and political fronts. It can be observed from the lines of language, sub -language, culture, religion, consumer behavior, dressing styles and on many other fronts. Despite having such spectrum of diversities we are a single nation.                  
           India did exist as a single entity during Gupta & Mughal period and in many other occasions.  So what is so special about India this time? Well this time the existence of India has been much more organized than on any other time in her entire history which has confluence by a well written constitution.
            Well we will discuss different aspect in making of the modern India.
Linguistic safeguards:
            1956 was a watershed year for the Indians struggling for linguistic independence. For the first time after independence states were reorganized on the linguistic lines. We evidenced the creation of Andhra Pradesh as the state of Telugu speaking people. It was not unnatural as the ruling political party of Congress was organized in linguistic lines before independence and creation of states on linguistic line was on the core of the agendas of the congress. But the unfortunate partition of the Indian nation had doused the aspiration of the Congress and instead filled it up with several apprehensions. 
            1956 is also special in a sense that a completely complementary model has been experimented in our neighbor Sri Lanka. What the Lankan Government did was, it scrapped Tamil language from the official purposes and introduced Sinhala as the sole official language of the state. This adventurous experiment of the Sri Lankan state did pull it into a state of civil war which lasted of about two and a half decade.
Secular fabric of the constitution:
             It was the 42nd constitutional amendment of 1976 which categorically added the word “Secular” along with “Socialist” in the preamble of the constitution. But the provision of the Indian constitution has been such that secularism has become the intact element of the Indian polity from the beginning. In fact the articles 25, 26,27,28,29 & 30 give a taste of secular fabric of the very Indian constitution. Further the non-imposable Directive Principle of State Policy has provided for the implementation of Uniform Civil Code for the entire country, which is again the sign of secularity of our constitution. 

            In fact secularism is the distinct feature of the Indian society. It can be traced back from early days of the Mauryan dynasty to the present day democratic set up. Ashoka , being a  minority Buddhist , had made no stone unturned in protecting the secularity. It can also be observed from the early Mughal ruler of Akbar. In both the cases of the Akbar and the Ashoka the majority subjects has been ruled by a minority ruler which has proved both the religious tolerance and the secularity of our nation.

Federal Structure:
            The federal fabric of the Indian polity mostly envisaged by the Indian constitution has a great deal in shaping India the way how it is today. Indian constitution is said to be federal in character and unitary in spirit. In fact the provisions of the constitution have made such to build a strong centre. This model of governance of having a federal government with strong centre and also the distribution of powers between central and the state governments along with placing residuary powers with central Government has been adopted from the Canadian model.
            In fact the financial provisions of the constitution have given the unequal weightage to the centre in the matter of tax collection. The majority share of the collected taxes goes into the pocket of the centre and which has in fact makes the states to look at the centre for financial aid several times. It has in fact contributed a lot in creating a harmonious relationship between the centre and the states.

            Moreover here we have discussed only a tiny fraction of the ideas which have comprised of India. We will discuss others as well and also try to find out the factors which have made a great deal in uniting our nation in the upcoming sets of blogs.

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